Directory » R. REYNOLDS
School Psychology

R. REYNOLDS (Emeritus)
Professor Emeritus
Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD, ABN, ABPdN, earned his Doctoral Degree from the University of Georgia in 1978 under the tutelage of Dr. Alan S. Kaufman, with a major in School Psychology and minors in Statistics and in Clinical Neuropsychology. He served an internship divided between the Medical College of Georgia and the Rutland Center for Severely Emotional Disturbed Children. Prior to joining the Texas A & M University faculty in 1981, Dr. Reynolds was a faculty member at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, where he served as Associate Director and Acting Director of the Buros Institute of Mental Measurement, after writing the grants and proposals to move the Institute to Nebraska following the death of its founder, Oscar Buros. His primary research interests are in all aspects of psychological assessment with particular emphasis on assessment of memory, emotional and affective states and traits, and issues of cultural bias in testing. He is the author of more than 300 scholarly publications and author or editor of 55 books including the Handbook of School Psychology, the Encyclopedia of Special Education, and the Handbook of Clinical Child Neuropsychology. He is the author of several widely used tests of personality and behavior including the Behavior Assessment System for Children and the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale. He is also senior author of the Test of Memory and Learning, Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales, and more than 30 other commercially published psychological and neuropsychological tests, and coauthor of several computerized test interpretation systems. He currently practices forensic neuroscience nationally out of Austin TX.
Ph.D., Statistics & Clinical Neuropsychology, University of Georgia (1978)
Ed.S.,, University of Georgia (1977)
M.Ed.,, University of Georgia (1976)
B.A., University of North Carolina (1975)
EPSY618. Neuro/genetic Disorders
EPSY622. Meas And Eval In Educ
SPSY685. Directed Studies
Dedra Lemon (Summer 2008)
Gordon Lamb (Summer 2008)
Kelly Gene Arnemann (Summer 2007)
Kathryn Stroud (Spring 2006)
Cassandra burns Romine (Summer 2004)
Deborah Weber (Summer 2004)
Colleen Adele Conoley (Fall 2003)
Christine French (Summer 2003)
Cynthia gonzales (Summer 2002)
Kim Marie Ryan-Arredondo (Spring 2002)
Mary Barringer (Fall 2000)
Michael Ramsay (Fall 2000)
Patricia Lowe (Summer 2000)
Janet Dunbar (Spring 1999)
Books and Monographs
Reynolds, C.R., Vannest, K.J. & Fletcher-Janzen, E. Editors. (2013). Encyclopedia of Special Education 4th Edition, Wiley
Riccio, C. A., & Reynolds, C. R. (2013). Principles of neuropsychological assessment in children and adolescents. In D. Saklofske, Psychological assessment of children and adolescents. Oxford
Reynolds, C.R., Vannest, K.J., & Harrison, J.R. (2012). The Energetic Brain: The Truth about ADHD. Wiley
Fletcher-Janzen, E., & Reynolds, C. R. (Eds.), (2008). Neuropsychological Perspectives on Learning Disabilities in the Era of RTI. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Vannest, K.J. Reynolds, C. & Kamphaus, R. (2008) BASC-2 Intervention Guide. Pearson.
Vannest, K.J. Reynolds, C. & Kamphaus, R. (2008) BASC-2 Parent Tip Sheets. Pearson.
Homack, S., & Reynolds, C. R. (2007). Essentials of assessment with brief intelligence tests. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Reynolds, C.R., & Fletcher-Janzen, E. (2007) Encyclopedia of special education. NY: Wiley.
Reynolds, C. R., Livingston, R. L., & Willson, V. L. (2005). Measurement and Assessment in Education. Allyn & Bacon
Fletcher-Janzen, E.F., & Reynolds, C.R. (Eds.) (2003). Childhood Disorders Diagnostic Disorders Desk Reference. NY John Wiley.
Reynolds, C., Richmond, B., & Loew, P. (2003). Adult manifest anxiety scale. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Reynolds, C., Richmond, R., & Lowe, P. (2003). Elderly anxiety scale. Los Angeles: Western psychological Services.
Reynolds, C.R., & Kamphaus, R.W. (Eds). (2003). The Handbook of Psychological and Educational Assessment of Children, Vol. 1, Aptitude and Achievement. NY: Guilford.
Reynolds, C.R., & Kamphaus, R.W. (Eds.) (2003). The Handbook of Psychological and Educational Assessment of Children, Vol.2, Behavior, Personality, and Context. NY: Guilford.
Ramsay, M., Reynolds, C.R., & Kamphaus, R.W. (2002). Essentials of Behavioral Assessment. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Reynolds, C.R., & Fletcher-Janzen, E.F. (2002). Concise Encyclopedia of Special Education., 2nd ed. NY: Wiley-Interscience.
Reynolds, C.R., & Kamphaus, R.W. (2002). The Clinician's Guide to the Behavior Assessment System for Children. NY: Guliford.
Reynolds, C., & Bigler, E. (2001). Clinical assessment scales for the elderly Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Riccio, C. A., Reynolds, C. R., & Lowe, P. A. (2001). Clinical applications of continuous performance tests: Measuring attention and impulsive responding in children and adults. New York: Wiley.
Journal Articles
*Harrison, J.R., Vannest, K.J., & Reynolds, C.R (2013) Social validity criteria applied to a screening instrument for emotional and behavioral issues. Journal of Behavioral Disorders, 38 (3), 171-182. (ISI .91)
Riccio, C. A., Blakely, A., Yoon, M., & Reynolds, C. R. (2013). Two-factor structure of the Comprehensive Trail Making Test in adults. Applied Neuropsychology-Adult, 20, 155-158
Harrison, J.R., Vannest, K.J., *Davis. J.L. & Reynolds, C. (2012). Most common problem behaviors in the US student population. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 20 (1), 55-64
Kahn, D., Riccio, C. A., & Reynolds, C. R. (2012). Comprehensive trail making test (CTMT): Gender and ethnic differences for ages 8-18. Applied Neuropsychology: Child, 1, 53-56
Riccio, C. A., Kahn, D., Yoon, M., Perez, E., & Reynolds, C. R. (2011). Confirmation of a two-factor model for interpretation of the Comprehensive Trail Making Test (CTMT) with children. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. 26, 235-239
Horton, A. M., & Reynolds, C. R. (2007). Early detection of risk of onset for dementia of the Alzheimer's type and subtle executive dysfunction using the Test of Verbal Conceptualization and Fluency during clinical neuropsychological assessment: Two case studies. Applied Neuropsychology, 14 (3), 224-229.
Lowe, P. A., Peyton, V., Reynolds, C. R.(2007). Test score stability and the relationship of Adult Manifest Anxiety Scale-College Version scores to external variables among college students. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 25, 69-81.
Reynolds, C. R., & Horton, A. M. (in press). Assessment of frontal lobe and executive functions across the life span. Psychology in the Schools.
Siders, A. , Kaufman, A. S., & Reynolds, C. R. (2006). Do practice effects on Wechsler's performance subtests relate to children's general ability, memory, learning ability, or attention? Applied Neuropsychology. 13 (4), 242-250.
Bush, S.S., Ruff, R., Troster, A., Barth, J., Koffler, S., Pliskin, N., Reynolds, C.R. & Siver, C. (2005. Symptom validity assessment: Practice issues and medical necessity. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 20(4), 419-426.
Lowe, P.A., Reynolds, C.R. (2005) Factor structure of the AMAS-C scores across gender among students in collegiate settings. Educational and Psychological Measurement, (65) 687-708.
Dombrouski, S.C., Price, R.J., & Reynolds, C.R. (2004) After the demise of the discrepancy: Proposed learning disabilities diagnostic criteria. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 35(4), 364-372
Lowe, P.A., Papanastasiou, E.C., DeRuyck, K.A., & Reynolds, C.R. (2004) Test score stability and construct validity of the Adult manifest Anxiety Scale-College version scores among college students: A brief report. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 37, 221-228.
Lowe, P.A., & Reynolds, C.R. (2004). Psychometric properties of the AMAS-A among young and middle-aged adults. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 64(4), 661-681.
Reynolds, C.R., Price, R.J., & Niland, J. (2004) Applications of neuropsychology in capital felony (death penalty) defense. Journal of Forensic Neuropsychology. 3, 89-123.
Weber, D., & Reynolds, C.R. (2004). Clinical Perspectives on neurobiological effects of psychological trauma. Neuropsychology Review, 14(2), 115-129.
Willson, V., & Reynolds, C.R. (2004). A critique of Miller & Rohling's statistical interpretive method of neuropsychological test data. Neuropsychology Review, 14(3), 177-182
Farrell, D., Robinson, C., Orozco, S., & Reynolds, C. R. (2003). Neuropsychological status of extremely low birthweight in infants at early school ages. Journal of Head Injury.
Lee, D., Reynolds, C.R., & Willson, V. (2003). Standardized Test Administration: Why Bother? Journal of Forensic Neuropsychology, 3(3), 55-81.
Livingston, R.L., Jennings, E., Reynolds, C.R., & Gray, R.M. (2003). Multivariate analyses of the profile stability of intelligence tests: High for Iqs, low to very low for subtest analyses. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 18(5), 487-507.
Lowe, P.A., & Reynolds, C. R. (2003). Error patterns of normal elderly on measures of set-shifting and rule induction. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology.
Powell, B.D., Brossart, D.F., & Reynolds, C.R. (2003). Evaluation of the accuracy of two regression-based methods for estimating premorbid IQ. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. 18, 277-292.
Reynolds, C. R. (2003). Why do we ignore empirical research on bias in mental testing? Psychology, Public Policy, and Law.
Reynolds, C. R., & James, B.M. (2003). Barriers to serving TBI children in the schools. Journal of Head Injury.
Stone, B.M., & Reynolds, C.R., (2003). Can the National Health and Nutrition Survey III Data Help Resolve the Controversy Over Low Blood Lead Levels and Neutopsychology Development in Children? Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 18(3), 219-244(26).
Horton, A.M., Crown, B., Reynolds, C.R.,(2002). The American Board of Professional Neuropsychology: An update through 2001. Journal of Forensic Neuropsychology, 2, 67-78.
Reynolds, C.R. (2002). An essay on the Houston Conference Policy Statement: Static yet incomplete or a work in progress? Neuropsychology Review, 12(3), 143-145.
Riccio, C. A., Reynolds, C. R., Lowe, P. A., & Moore, J. J. (2002). The continuous performance test: A window on the neural substrates for attention? Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 235-272.
Willson, V.L. & Reynolds, C.R. (2002). Misconceptions in Van den Broeck's representation of misconceptions about learning disability research. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 35, 205-208.
Reynolds, C. (2001). Commentary on the American Academy of Neurology report on neuropsychological testing. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 3, 199-200.
Reynolds, C.R., Hays, J.R., Ryan-Arredondo, K. (2001). When judges, laws, ethics, and rules of practice collide: A case study of assent and disclosure in assessment of a minor. Journal of Forensic Neuropsychology, 2, 41-52.
Riccio, C. A., Moore, J. J., Reynolds, C. R., & Lowe, P. A. (2001). Effects of stimulants on the continuous performance test (CPT): Implications for CPT use and interpretation. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 13, 1-10.
Ramsay Mike C., and Reynolds Cecil R.. (2000). Does Smoking by Pregnant Women Influence IQ, Birth Wieght, and Developmental Disabilities in Their Infants? A Methodoligical Review and Multivariate Analysis. Neuropsychology Review, Vol 10, No. 1.
Kamphaus, R. W., Petoskey, M. D., Cody, A. H., Rowe, E.W., Huberty, C.J., & Reynolds, C. R. (1999). A typology of parent rated child behavior for a national US sample. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40, 1-10.
Reynolds, C.R., Hopkins, R.O., & Bigler, E.D. (1999). Continuing decline of memory skills with significant recovery of intellectual function following severe carbon monoxide exposure: Clinical psychometric and neuroimaging findings. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 14(2), 235-249.
Reynolds, C. R., Willson, V. L., & Ramsay, M. C. (1999). Intellectual differences among Mexican-Americans, Papagos, and Whites, independent of g. Personality and Individual Differences, 1181-1187.
Mayfield, J. W., Reynolds, C. R. (1998). Are ethnic differences in diagonis of childhood psychopathology an artifact of psychometric methods? An Experimental Evaluation of Harrington's Hypothesis Using Parent Reported Symptomatology. Journal of School, 36: 313-334.
Reynolds, C. R. (1998). Need we measure anxiety differently for males and females? Journal of Personality Assessment, 70(2), 212-221.
Reynolds, C. R. (1998) Reliability of performance on the Test of Memory and Learning by an adolescent learning disability sample. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 58, 829-832.
Reynolds, C. R., Sanchez, S., & Willson, V. L. (1998). Normative tables for calculating the WISC-III Performance and Full Scale IQs when Symbol Search is substituted for Coding. Psychological Assessment, 8, 378-382.
Saklofske, D.H., Hildebrand, D. K., Reynolds, C. R., & Willson, V. L. (1998). Substituting Symbol Search for Coding on the WISC-III: Canadian Normative Tables For Performance and Full Scale IQ Scores. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 30, 57-68.
Book Chapters
Reynolds, C. R. (2008). RTI, Neuroscience, and Sense: Chaos in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Learning Disabilities. To appear as a chapter in E. Fletcher-Janzen and C. R. Reynolds (Eds.), Neuropsychological Perspectives on Learning Disabilities in the Era of RTI. To be published in February, 2008 by John Wiley & Sons, NY.
Reynolds, C. R., Castillo, C. L., & Horton, A. M. (2008 copyright but published late fall of 2007). Neuropsychology and intelligence. In A. Horton & D. Wedding (Eds), The Neuropsychology handbook. NY: Springer.
Dowdy, E., Kamphaus, R. W., & Reynolds, C. R. (in press). The role of diagnosis and classification in school psychology. In T. B. Gutkin & C. R. Reynolds (Eds.), The handbook of school psychology (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Lowe, P. A., & Reynolds, C. R. (2007). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In C. R. Reynolds & E. Fletcher-Janzen (Eds.), Encyclopedia of special education (3rd ed). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Mayfield, J., & Reynolds, C. R. (in press). Neuropsychological Assessment. In T. B. Gutkin & C. R. Reynolds (Eds.), The handbook of school psychology (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Ramsay, M.C., & Reynolds, C.R. (2003). Relations between intelligence and achievement tests. In G. Goldstein & S.R. Beers (Eds), Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment, Vol. 1, Intellectual and Neuropsychological Assessment. NY: Wiley.
Ramsay, M., & Reynolds, C. (2003). A scientific view of cultural bias in testing. In J. Graham & J. Naglieri (Eds.), Handbook of Psychological Testing. NY: Guilford.
Reynolds, C.R. (2003). Soto's Syndrome. In E. Fletcher-Janzen & C. Reynolds, (Eds.), Diagnostic Reference Manual of Childhood Disorders. NY: John Wiley and Sons.
Reynolds, C.R., & Ramsay, M.C. (2003). Understanding, identifying, and avoiding cultural bias in ability tests: An empirical review with recommendations. In J. Graham and J. Haglieri, Handbook of Assessment Psychology. New York: Wiley.
Riccio, C., & Reynolds, C. (2003). Assessment of attention via continuous performance tests. In C. Reynolds & R. Kamphaus (Eds.), Handbook of Psychological and Educational Assessment of children, 2nd Ed., (291-319). NY: Guilford.
Riccio, C. A., & Reynolds, C. R. (2001). Continuous performance tests are sensitive to ADHD in adults but lack specificity: A review and critique for differential diagnosis. In J. Wasserstein, L. Wolf, & F. F. LeFever (Eds.), New York Academy of Science Annals, 113-139.
Ramsay, M., & Reynolds, C. (2000). Consulting a scientific test. In M. Hersen and G. Golstein (Eds.), Handbook of Psychological Assessment, 2nd Ed., Oxford: Elsevier Science.
Goldstein, S., Reynolds, C. R. (1999). Handbook of neurodevelopmental and genetic disorders in children. NY: Guilford.
Reynolds, C. R. (1999). Assessment. Volume 4 of M. Hersen & A. Bellack (Eds.), Comprehensive Clinical Psychology. Oxford: Elsevier Science.
Reynolds, C.R., Gutkin, T. B. (1999). The handbook of school psychology 3rd edition. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Riccio, C. A., & Reynolds, C. R. (1999). Assessment of traumatic brain injury in children for neuropsychological rehabilitation. In M. Raymond, T. L. Bennett, L. Hartlage, & C. M. Cullum (Eds.), Mild brain injury: A clinician's guide (pp. 77-116). Austin: Pro-ed.
Riccio, C. A., & Reynolds, C. R. (1998). Neuropsychological assessment of children. In C. R. Reynolds (Ed.), Comprehensive clinical psychology (vol. 4), (pp. 267-301). Oxford: Elsevier.
Other Publications and Presentations
Sullivan, J. R., Riccio, C. A., & Reynolds, C. R. (2008). Variations in school-and teacher-related attitudes across gender, ethnicity, and age. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 35, 296-305.
Szasz, C., Reynolds, C. R., & Voress, J. A. (2008). Scoring and interpretive software for the TOMAL-2. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.
Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. (2007). Reynolds intellectual assessment scales-Interpretive report system (RIAS-IR). Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Distinguished Achievement Award in Research. The Association of Former Students. (2007)
Distinguished Contributions & Career. National Academy of Neuropsychology Distinguished Clinical Neuropsychologist Award. (2000)
Distinguished Neuropsychologist. National Academy of Neuropsychology. (2000)
Distinguished Service Award. National Academy of Neuropsychology. (2001)
Fellow. American Psychological Association, Divisions 1, 5, 15, 16 and 40. (Various)
Lifetime Achievement Award. 2007 Lifetime Achievement Award for distinguished contributions, American Board of School Neuropsychology.. (2007)
Lifetime Achievement Award in School Neuropsycholo. NASP. (2003)
Lifetime Achievement. Distinguished Alumnus Award fr om University of Georgia. (2005)
Lightner Witmer Award. APA Div. 16 - Early Career Achievements. (1980)
Neuropsychology Service Award. National Academy of Neuropsychology. (2006)
President's Medal. National Academy of Neuropsychology. (1997)
Razor Walker Award. University of North Carolina at Wilmington and CAPE.. (1998)
Research Award. AFS Distinguished Achievement Award. (1986)
Senior Scientist Award. American Psychological Association Div. 16. (1999)
Editor. Applied Neuropsychology (2004)
Editor. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology (1991 - 2002)
Editorial Board Member. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology (2003)
Editorial Board Member. Canadian Journal of School Psychology (1992)
Editorial Board Member. Child Assessment News (1992 - 2001)
Editorial Board Member. Computers in Human Behavior (1984)
Editorial Board Member. Educational and Psychological Measurement (1980)
Editorial Board Member. Educational Psychology Review (2003)
Editorial Board Member. Journal of Forensic Neuropsychology (1997)
Editorial Board Member. Journal of Head Injury (2003)
Editorial Board Member. Journal of Learning Disabilities (1984)
Editorial Board Member. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment (1982 - 2001)
Editorial Board Member. Journal of School Psychology (1980)
Editorial Board Member. Learning Disabilities Quarterly (1996)
Editorial Board Member. Neuropsychology Review (1996)
Editorial Board Member. Psychological Assessment (2002 - 2009)
Editor. Psychological Assessment (2009 - 2015)
Editorial Board Member. Research in the Schools (1993)
Associate Editor. School Psychology Quarterly (2002)
Presidency. APA Divisions 5 and 40. (1999)
President. APA Division of School Psychology. (2004)
President. National Academy of Neuropsychology. (2002)