Directory » GEORGE CUNNINGHAM
217 GGB
458-8006
Department
HEALTH & KINESIOLOGY
Sport Management
Afilliations
Sport Management
Education
Ph.D., Physical Activity and Educational Services, Ohio State University (2002)
M.S., Kinesiology, Texas A&M University (1999)
B.S., Sport and Exercise Science, Midwestern State University (1998)
GEORGE CUNNINGHAM
Professor and Sr. Assistant Provost
Google Scholar Profile:
Research Interests
Diversity
Employee Attitudes
Group Processes
BIOGRAPHY
George B. Cunningham (Ph.D., The Ohio State University) is a Professor and Sr. Assistant Provost for Graduate and Professional Studies at Texas A&M University. His research focus is on diversity and inclusion in sport and physical activity. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters; has authored an award-winning book (Diversity in Sport Organizations); and has co-edited an award-winning book (Routledge Handbook of Theory in Sport Management). He is a member of the National Academy of Kinesiology.
COURSES TAUGHT
KINE304. Psyc Of Sport
2009B,2009A,2008B
KINE304.
2008C,2008A,2007C,2007A
KINE304. PSYC OF SPORT
2012C,2012A
KINE319. Soc Of Sport
2009A,2007C,2006C
KINE319.
2006A,2005C
KINE319. SOC OF SPORT
2012A
KINE333. Sport Management
2007A,2006C
KINE336. Diversity In Sport Orgs
2008A,2007C,2007B,2007A,2006C
KINE485. Directed Studies
2008B,2007B
KINE485.
2006A
KINE489.
2005B,2005A
KINE491. Research
2008A
KINE491. RESEARCH
2018C,2017C,2016C,2015C,2014C
KINE610.
2005B
KINE610. Admin Spt And Fitn Orgns
2006B,2004C
KINE611. Revenue Generation Sport
2004C
KINE612.
2005A
KINE612. Personnel Management In Sport
2006A
KINE613. Diversity In Sport Organizational
2008C,2008A,2007C
KINE681. Seminar
2008C,2007C,2007A,2005C,2004C
KINE681.
2005A
KINE682.
2005A
KINE682. Sem In Organize Theory I
2005C
KINE682. Sem In Organize Theory II
2005C
KINE682. Sem In Organize Bvhr I
2004C
KINE682. Sem In Organize Bvhr II
2004C
KINE682. Sem In Sport Management
2008C
KINE682. Seminar In
2009A,2007A,2006A
KINE683. Practicum:in Absentia
2009B
KINE683.
2005B
KINE683. Practicum In Kinesiology
2009B,2009A,2008C,2008B,2008A
KINE684. Professional Internship
2009B,2009A,2008C,2008B,2008A
KINE684. Professional Intrshp: Inabsentia
2009A,2004C
KINE684.
2005B,2005A
KINE685.
2005B,2005A,2004B
KINE685. Directed Studies
2009B,2009A,2008C,2008B,2008A
KINE689. Special Topics In Drvsty In Sport Organizational
2007B
KINE689.
2004B
SPMT217. FOUNDATION OF SPORT MGMT
2017C
SPMT336. DIVERSITY IN SPORT ORGS
2012C,2012A
SPMT340. SPORT GOVERNANCE
2012C,2012A
SPMT485. DIRECTED STUDIES
2018A
SPMT489. SPECIAL TOPICS IN
2018A
SPMT491. RESEARCH
2018C
SPMT613. DIVERSITY IN SPORT ORG
2012C
SPMT613. DIVERSITY & ETHICS IN SPORT
2018A,2017C
SPMT681. SEMINAR
2020A,2018C,2012C
SPMT682. SEMINAR IN...
2012A
SPMT683. PRACTICUM IN SPORT MGMT
2012A
SPMT684. INTERNSHIP IN SPT MGMT
2012A
SPMT685. DIRECTED STUDIES
2019C,2019B,2018C,2018B,2018A
SPMT690. THEORY OF RES IN SPT MGT
2012A
SPMT690. THEORY OF RES IN SPORT MGMT
2020C,2019C

FORMER DOCTORAL STUDENTS
Andrew C. Pickett (Summer 2016)
Astin Devine Steward (Summer 2016)
Woojun Lee (Spring 2015)
Tiffany Hooks (Spring 2013)
Elizabeth Melton (Summer 2012)
Brian McCullough (Spring 2011)
Jae Deock Lee (Summer 2009)
Thomas Aicher (Summer 2009)
Claudia Benavides Espinoa (Spring 2009)
Jacqueline McDowell (Spring 2008)
Melanie Sartore (Summer 2007)
David Waltemyer (Fall 2006)

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS
Books and Monographs
Cunningham, G. B. (2019). Diversity and inclusion in sport organizations: A multilevel perspective (4th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Cunningham. G. B. (2019). Understanding the experiences of LGBT athletes in sport: A multilevel model. In M. Anshel (Ed.), APA Handbook of Sport and Exercise Psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 367-383). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Cunningham, G. B., Fink, J. S., & Doherty, A. J. (Eds.) (2016). Routledge handbook of theory in sport management. London: Routledge.
Cunningham, G.B., & Singer, J.N. (2012). Sociology of Sport and Physical Activity (2nd Ed.). College Station, TX: Center for Sport Management Research and Education.
Cunningham, G. B., & Peachey, J. W. (2010). Foundations of the sociology of sport. In G. B. Cunningham & J. N. Singer (Eds.), Sociology of sport and physical activity. Center for Sport Management Research and Education.
Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (Eds.). (2010). Sociology of sport and physical activity. College Station, TX: Center for Sport Management Research and Education.
Journal Articles
Anderson, A., Dixon, M. A., Oshiro, K. F., Wicker, P., Cunningham, G. B., & Heere, B. (2019). Managerial perceptions of factors affecting the design and delivery of sport for health programs for refugee populations. Sport Management Review, 22(1), 80-95. **
Anderson, A., Dixon, M. A., Oshiro, K. F., Wicker, P., Cunningham, G. B., & Heere, B. (2019). Managerial perceptions of factors affecting the design and delivery of sport for health programs for refugee populations. Sport Management Review, 22(1), 80-95. **
Cunningham, G. B., & Ahn, N. Y. (2019). Moderation in sport management research: Room for growth. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 23(4), 301-313.**
Cunningham, G. B., Ahn, N. Y., Anderson, A. J., & Dixon, M. A. (2019). Gender, coaching, and occupational turnover. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 27(2), 63-72. **
Cunningham, G. B., & Warner, S. (2019). Baseball 4 All: Providing inclusive spaces for persons with disabilities. Journal of Global Sport Management, 4(4), 313-330.
Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2019). Group diversity[8217]s effects on sport teams and organizations: A meta-analysis. European Sport Management Quarterly, 19(2), 139-159. **
Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2019). Group diverty's effects on sport teams and organizations: A meta-analysis. European Sport Management Quarterly, 19(2), 139-159. **
Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2019). Moving toward understanding social justice in sport organizations: A study of engagement in social justice advocacy in sport organizations. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 43(3), 245-263. **
Smittick, A. L., Miner, K., & Cunningham, G. B. (2019). The [8220]I[8221] in team: Leader incivility, leader gender, and team performance. Sport Management Review, 22(3), 419-433. **
Wicker, P., Cunningham, G. B., & Fields, D. (2019). Gender stereotypes and the glass cliff as an explanation for the under-representation of women in coaching. Sex Roles, 81, 797-807. **
Cunningham, G. B., & Ahn, N. Y. (in press). Moderation in sport management research: Room for growth. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science.**
Cunningham, G. B., Buzuvis, E., & Mosier, C. (2018). Inclusive spaces and locker rooms for transgender athletes. Kinesiology Review, 7, 365-374.
Cunningham, G. B., Dixon, M. A., Singer, J. N., Oshiro, K., Ahn, N Y., & Weems, A. (in press). A site to resist and persist: Diversity, social justice, and the unique nature of sport. Journal of Global Sport Management. **
Cunningham, G. B., Fairley, S., Ferkins, L., Kerwin, S., Lock, D., Shaw, S. & Wicker, P. (2018). eSport: Construct specifications and implications for sport management. Sport Management Review, 21, 1-6.
Cunningham, G. B., & Pickett, A. C. (2018). Trans prejudice in sport: Differences from LGB prejudice, the influence of gender, and changes over time. Sex Roles, 78, 220-227. **
Cunningham, G. B., & Warner, S. (in press). Baseball 4 All: Providing inclusive spaces for persons with disabilities. Journal of Global Sport Management.
Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (in press). Moving toward understanding social justice in sport organizations: A study of engagement in social justice advocacy in sport organizations. Journal of Sport and Social Issues. ** Dis
Pickett, A. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2018). Body weight stigma in physical activity settings. American Journal of Health Studies, 33(1), 21-29. ** Dis
Pickett, A. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2018). The fat leading the thin: Relative body size, physical activity identification, and behavioral intentions. Journal of Applied Sport Management, 10, 1-12. **
Singer, J. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2018). A collective case study of African American male athletic directors[8217] leadership approaches to diversity in college sport. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 11(2), 269-297
Smittick, A. L., Miner, K., & Cunningham, G. B. (in press). The "I" in team: Leader incivility, leader gender, and team performance. Sport Management Review. ** Dis
Vick, A., & Cunningham, G. B. (2018). Bias against Latina and African American women job applicants: A field experiment. Sport, Business, Management: An International Journal, 8(4), 410-430. ** Dis
Wicker, P., Cunningham, G. B., & Fields, D. (in press). Gender stereotypes and the glass cliff as an explanation for the under-representation of women in coaching. Sex Roles. **
Ahn, N. Y., & Cunningham, G. B. (2017). Cultural values and gender equity on National Olympic Committee boards. International Journal of Exercise Science, 10(6), 857-874.
Garney, W. R., Wendel, M., McLeroy, K., Alaniz, A., Cunningham, G., Castle, B., Ingram, M., & Burdine, J. (2017). Using community health development to increase community capacity: A multiple case study. Family and Community Health, 40, 18-23
Pickett, A. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2017). Creating inclusive physical activity spaces: The case of body positive yoga. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 88(3), 329-338.
Pickett, A. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2017). Physical activity for every body: A conceptual model for creating body diverse exercise spaces. Quest, 69, 19-36
Rosselli, A. C., Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2017). Does golf = White? Perceptions of the prototypical golfer. International Journal of Sport Studies, 7(1), 1-7
Wright, T., & Cunningham, G. B. (2017). Disability status, stereotype content threat, and employment opportunities. Sport, Business and Management, 7(4), 393-403
Kang, S., & Cunningham, G. B. (2016). The influence of imagined contact and baseball team identification: South Koreans[8217] prejudice toward Japanese individuals. International Journal of Sport Management, 17, 561-575. **
Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2016). Sexual prejudice, sexism, gender, and identification with different sports. Sex Roles, 74, 464-471 **
Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2016). Weighing the options: Discrimination against fat golfers. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 9, 268-281
Cunningham, G. B. (2015). Creating and sustaining workplace cultures supportive of LGBT employees in college athletics. Journal of Sport Management, 29, 426-442.
Cunningham, G. B. (2015). LGBT inclusive athletic departments as actors of social change. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 8, 43-56.
Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2015). A picture is worth a thousand words: The influence of signaling, organizational reputation, and applicant race on attraction to sport organizations. International Journal of Sport Management, 16, 492-506. **
Steward, A. D., & Cunningham, G. B. (2015). Racial identity and its impact on job applicants. Journal of Sport Management, 29, 245-256. **
Welty Peachey, J., Bruening, J., Cohen, A., Lyras, A., & Cunningham, G. B. (2015). Examining social capital development among volunteers of a multinational sport-for-development event. Journal of Sport Management, 29, 27-41.
Welty Peachey, J., Cunningham, G. B., Bruening, J. L., Cohen, A., & Lyras, A. (2015). The influence of a sport-for-peace event on prejudice and change agent self-efficacy. Journal of Sport Management, 29, 229-244.
19.Welty Peachey, J., Cunningham, G. B., Lyras, A., Cohen, A., & Bruening, J. (2014). Exploring participant motives to take part in an elite, multinational, sport-for-development event. Event Management, 18, 153-168.
Cunningham, G. B. (2014). Interdependence, mutuality, and collective action in sport. Journal of Sport Management, 28, 1-7.
Cunningham, G. B. Bergman, M. E., & Miner, K. N. (2014). Interpersonal mistreatment of women in the workplace. Sex Roles, 71, 1-6.
Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2014). Signals and cues: LGBT inclusive advertising and consumer attraction. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 23, 37-46.
Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2014). Varying degrees of support: Understanding parents[8217] positive attitudes toward LGBT coaches. Journal of Sport Management, 28, 387-398
Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2014). Imagine that: Examining the influence of sport related imagined contact on intergroup anxiety and sexual prejudice across cultures. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 44, 557-566
Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2014). Examining the workplace experiences of sport employees who are LGBT: A social categorization theory perspective. Journal of Sport Management, 28, 21-33
Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G B. (2014). Who are the champions? Using a multilevel model to examine perceptions of employee support for LGBT inclusion in sport organizations. Journal of Sport Management, 28, 189-206.
Sartore-Baldwin, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2014). The (gendered) experiences of female faculty members in health and kinesiology departments. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 22, 83-91
Walker, J. E. O. Y., & Cunningham, G. B. (2014). The impact of food deserts and physical activity on the health of African Americans in rural communities. American Journal of Health Studies, 29, 165-171
Welty Peachey, J., Cohen, A., Bruening, J. E., Cunningham, G. B., & Lyras, A. (2014). Exploring the motives and retention factors of sport-for-development volunteers. Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 43, 1052-1069
Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Theory and theory development in sport management. Sport Management Review, 16, 1-4
Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2013). Contact with lesbian and gay friends moderates the relationships among religious fundamentalism, sexism, and sexual prejudice. The Journal of Sex Research, 50, 401-408. **
Cunningham, G. B., Miner, K., & McDonald, J. (2013). Being different and suffering the consequences: The influence of head coach-player racial dissimilarity on experienced incivility. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 48, 689-705
Edwards, M. B., & Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Examining the influence of community racism on physical activity levels and overall health among elderly racial minorities. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 932-939
Nite, C., Singer, J.N., & Cunningham, G.B. (2013). Addressing competing logics between the mission of a religious university and the demands of intercollegiate athletics. Sport Management Review, 16(4), 465-476
Cunningham, G. B. (2012). A multilevel model for understanding the experiences of LGBT sport participants. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 6, 5-20
Cunningham, G. B. (2012). Diversity and academic reform. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 5, 54-59
Cunningham, G. B. (2012). Diversity training in intercollegiate athletics. Journal of Sport Management, 26, 391-403
Cunningham, G. B. (2012). Occupational segregation of African Americans in athletic administration. Wake Forest Journal of Law & Policy, 2, 165-178
Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2012). Prejudice against LGB coaches: The influence of race, religious fundamentalism, modern sexism, and contact with sexual minorities. Sociology of Sport Journal, 29, 283-305
Cunningham, G. B., Miner, K., & Benavides-Espinoza, C. (2012). Emotional reactions to observing misogyny: Examining the roles of gender, forecasting, political orientation, and religiosity. Sex Roles, 67, 58-68
Cunningham, G. B. & Regan, M. R., Jr. (2012). Political activism, racial identity, and commercial endorsement of athletes. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 47, 657-669
Cunningham, G. B., & Woods, J. (2012). The influence of advertisement focus, consumer gender, and model gender on attraction to a fitness club. International Journal of Sport Management, 13, 173-185
Fink, J. S., Parker, H. M., Cunningham, G. B., & Cuneen, J. (2012). Female athlete endorsers: Determinants of effectiveness. Sport Management Review, 15, 13-22
Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). Examining the influence of sport-related contact on prejudice reduction. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83, A-85. ** Thesis
Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). The effect of LGBT-inclusive policies, gender, and social dominance orientation on organizational attraction. International Journal of Sport Management, 13, 444-462
Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). When identities collide: Exploring minority stress and resilience among college athletes with multiple marginalized identities. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 6, 45-66. **
Regan, M. R., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). Analysis of homologous reproduction in community college athletics. Journal for the Study of Sport and Athletes in Education, 6, 161-171
Singer, J. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). A case study of the diversity culture of an American university athletic department: Implications for educational stakeholders. Sport, Education & Society, 17, 647-669
Aicher, T. J., & Cunningham, G. B. (2011). The influence of organizational culture and leader gender on perceptions of leader prototypicality and effectiveness. International Journal of Sport management, 12, 344-360. **
Benavides-Espinoza, C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2011). Antecedents and outcomes of sexual harassment: Examining the moderating effects of gender. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 5, 85-104. **
Cunningham, G. B. (2011). Creative work environments in sport organizations: The influence of sexual orientation diversity and commitment to diversity. Journal of Homosexuality, 58, 1041-1057
Cunningham, G. B. (2011). The LGBT advantage: Examining the relationship among sexual orientation diversity, diversity strategy, and performance. Sport Management Review, 14, 453-461
Cunningham, G.B., & Singer, J.N. (2011). The primacy of race: Department diversity and its influence on the attraction of a diverse fan base and revenues generated. International Journal of Sport Management, 12(2), 176-190
Cunningham, G. B., & Woods, J. (2011). For the health of it: Advertisement message and attraction to fitness clubs. American Journal of Health Studies, 26, 4-9.**
McCullough, B. P., & Cunningham, G. B. (2011). Recycling intentions among youth baseball spectators. International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 10, 104-120. **
Benavides-Espinoza, C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Bystanders' reactions to sexual harassment. Sex Roles, 63, 201-213
Benavides-Espinoza, C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Observers' reporting of sexual harassment: The influence of harassment type, organizational culture, and political orientation. Public Organization Review, 10, 323-337
Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Demographic dissimilarity and affective reactions to physical activity classes: The moderating effects of diversity beliefs. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41, 387-402
Cunningham, G. B. (2010). How closely do you identify? The interactive effects of perceived religious dissimilarity and religious personal identity on perceived value dissimilarity and job satisfaction. Social Justice Research, 23, 60-76
Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Predictors of sexual orientation diversity in intercollegiate athletics. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 3. 256-269
Cunningham, G. B. (2010). Understanding the under-representation of African American coaches: A multilevel perspective. Sport Management Review, 13, 395-406
Cunningham, G. B., & Bopp, T. D. (2010). Race ideology perpetuated: Media representations of newly hired football coaches. Journal of Sports Media, 5(1), 1-19
Cunningham, G. B., Bopp. T. D., & Sagas, M. (2010). Overcoming cultural barriers in sport management study abroad programs: The influence of extended inter-group contact. International Journal of Sport Management, 11, 347-359
Cunningham, G. B., & Sartore, M. L. (2010). Championing diversity: The influence of personal and organizational antecedents. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40, 788-810
Cunningham, G. B., Sartore, M. L., & McCullough, B. P. (2010). The influence of applicant sexual orientation and rater sex on ascribed attributions and hiring recommendations of personal trainers. Journal of Sport Management, 24, 400-415
Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2010) " You'll face discrimination wherever you go": Student athletes' intentions to enter the coaching profession. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40, 1708-1727
McCullough, B. P., & Cunningham, G. B. (2010). A conceptual model to understand the impetus to engage in and the expected organizational outcomes of green initiatives. Quest, 62, 348-363
Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2010). The lesbian label as a component of women's stigmatization in sport organizations: A comparison of two health and kinesiology departments. Journal of Sport Management, 24, 481-501
Cunningham, G. B. (2009). Examining the relationships among coaching staff diversity, perceptions of diversity, value congruence, and life satisfaction. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 80, 326-335.
Cunningham, G. B. (2009). The moderating effect of diversity strategy on the relationship between racial diversity and organizational performance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36, 1445-1460.
Cunningham, G. B. (2009). Understanding the diversity-related change process: A field study. Journal of Sport Management, 23, 407-428.
Cunningham, G. B., Ferreira, M., & Fink, J. S. (2009). Reactions to prejudicial statements: The Influence of statement content and characteristics of the commenter. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, & Practice, 13, 59-73.
Cunningham, G. B., Sartore, M. L., Chaney, J. D. & Chaney, E. H. (2009). Student ratings of women and men in the classroom: A match-up hypothesis perspective. American Journal of Health Studies, 29, 365-373.
Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2009). Not all students are alike: Differences in the decision to enter the sport and leisure industry. International Journal of Sport Management, 10, 350-365.
McDowell, J., Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2009). The supply and demand side of occupational segregation: The case of an intercollegiate athletic department. Journal of African American Studies, 13, 431-454
McDowell, J., Cunningham, G. B., & Singer, J. N. (2009). The supply and demand side of occupational segregation: The case of an intercollegiate athletic department. Journal of African American Studies, 13, 431-454.
Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2009). Sexual prejudice, participatory decisions, and panoptic control: Implications for sexual minorities in sport. Sex Roles, 60, 100-113.
Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2009). The effects of the lesbian label in the sport context: implications for women of all sexual orientations. Quest, 61, 289-305.
Waltemyer, D. S., & Cunningham, G. B. (2009). The influence of team diversity on assists and team performance among National Hockey League Teams. International Journal of Sport Management, 10, 391-409.
Cunningham, G. B. (2008). Commitment to diversity and its influence on athletic department outcomes. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 1, 176-201.
Cunningham, G. B. (2008). Creating and sustaining gender diversity in sport organizations. Sex Roles, 58, 136-145.
Cunningham, G. B. (2008). The importance of friendship potential in reducing the negative effects of group diversity. The Journal of Social Psychology, 148, 595-608
Cunningham, G. B. (2008). The influence of race on barriers to physical activity. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 23, 175-193.
Cunningham, G. B. (2008). Understanding diversity in intercollegiate athletics. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 2, 321-338
Cunningham, G. B., & Benavidez-Espinoza, C. (2008). A trend analysis of sexual harassment claims: 1992-2006. Psychological Reports, 103, 779-782.
Cunningham, G. B., Choi, J. H., & Sagas, M. (2008). Personal identity and perceived dissimilarity among college athletes. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, & Practice, 12, 167-177.
Cunningham, G. B., Fink, J. S., & Kenix, L. J. (2008). Choosing an endorser for a women's sporting event: The interaction of attractiveness and expertise. Sex Roles, 58, 371-378.
Cunningham, G.B., & Sagas, M. (2008). Gender and sex diversity in sports organizations. Sex Roles, 58, 3-9.
Cunningham, G. B., & Xiang, P. (2008). Testing the mediating role of motivational climate in the relationship between achievement goals and satisfaction: Are the relationships invariant across sex? Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 192-204.
Jones, G. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2008). The impact of sport management students' perceptions of study abroad programs on their intentions to study abroad. Sport Management Review, 11, 149-163.
McDowell, J., & Cunningham, G. B. (2008). Reactions to physical contact among coaches and players: The influence of coach sex, player sex, and attitudes toward women. Sex Roles, 58, 761-767.
Choi, J. H., Sagas, M., Park, S. H., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). The effects of transformational leadership on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior. International Journal of Sport Management, 8, 427-446.
Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Development of the Physical Activity Class Satisfaction Questionnaire (PACSQ). Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 11, 161-176.
Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Opening the black box: The influence of perceived diversity and a common in-group identity in diverse groups. Journal of Sport Management, 21, 58-78.
Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Perceptions as reality: The influence of actual and perceived demographic dissimilarity. Journal of Business and Psychology, 22, 79-89.
Cunningham, G. B., Doherty, A. J., & Gregg, M. J. (2007). Using social cognitive career theory to understand head coaching intentions among assistant coaches of women's teams. Sex Roles, 56, 365-372.
Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2007). Gender differences in the impact of treatment discrimination. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 3010-3024..
Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2007). Perceived treatment discrimination among coaches: The influence of race and sport coached. International Journal of Sport Management, 8, 1-20.
Cunningham, G. B., & Waltemyer, D. S. (2007). The moderating effect of outcome interdependence on the relationship between task conflict and group performance. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38, 163-177.
Kim, J. C., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Understanding the role of organizational support for coaches. International Journal of Sport Management, 8, 170-179.
McDowell, J., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). The prevalence of occupational segregation in athletic administrative positions. International Journal of Sport Management, 8, 245-262.
Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Homosexual coaches and their teams: Liking differences based on sex and sport participation. Psychological Reports, 101, 270-272.
Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Ideological gender beliefs, identity control and self-limiting behavior within sport organizations. Quest, 59, 244-265.
Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2007). Weight discrimination, hiring recommendations, person-job fit and attributions: Implications for the fitness industry. Journal of Sport Management, 21, 172-193.
Bennett, G., Cunningham, G., Sagas, M., & Dees, W. (2006). Measuring the marketing communication activations of a professional tennis tournament. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 15, 91-101.
Bruening, J. E., & Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Student perceptions of barriers and supports in sport and leisure careers. International Journal of Sport Management, 7, 445-458.
Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Does structure make a difference? The effects of organizational structure on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. International Journal of Sport Management, 7, 327-346.
Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Examining the relationships among coping with change, demographic dissimilarity, and championing behavior. Sport Management Review, 9, 253-270.
Cunningham, G. B. (2006). The influence of demographic dissimilarity on affective reactions to physical activity classes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 28, 127-142.
Cunningham, G. B. (2006). The influence of group diversity on intergroup bias following recategorization. The Journal of Social Psychology, 146, 533-547.
Cunningham, G.B. (2006). The relationship among commitment to change, coping with change, and turnover intentions. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 15, 29-45.
Cunningham, G.B., Bruening, J.E. & Straub, T.(2006). Examining the underrepresentation of African Americans in NCAA Division I head-coaching positions. Journal of Sport Management, 20, 387-417.
Cunningham, G. B., & Fink, J. S. (2006). Diversity issues in sport and leisure: Introduction to a special issue. Journal of Sport Management, 20, 455-465.
Cunningham, G. B., & Fitzgerald, A. O. (2006). The influence of message content on reactions to Title IX. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 21, 238-258.
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2006). The influence of person-organization fit, leader-member exchange, and organizational commitment on organizational turnover intentions. International Journal of Sport Management, 7, 31-49.
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2006). The role of perceived demographic dissimilarity and interaction in customer service satisfaction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 36, 1654-1673.
Dixon, M.A. & Cunningham, G.B. (2006). Multi-level analysis in sport management: Conceptual issues and review of aggregation techniques. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 10(2), 85-107.
Sagas, M., Cunningham, G. B., & Pastore, D. L. (2006). Predicting head coaching intentions of male and female assistant coaches: An application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Sex Roles, 54, 695-705.
Sagas, M., Cunningham, G.B., & Teed, K. (2006). Examining homologous reproduction in the representation of assistant coaches of women's teams. Sex Roles, 55, 503-510.
Sagas, M., Paetzold, R. & Cunningham, G.B. (2006). Effects of supervisor-subordinate demographic diversity on the job satisfaction experienced by assistant coaches. International Journal of Sport Management, 7, 141-159.
Sartore, M. L., & Cunningham, G. B. (2006). Stereotypes, race, and coaching. Journal of African American Studies, 10(2), 69-83.
Bianco, B., Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2005). The economic impact of professional tennis. Journal of Contemporarty Athletics, 1, 125-136.
Cunnigham, G.B., Sagas, M., Dixon, M.A., Kent, A. & Turner, B.A. (2005). Anticipated career success, affective occupational commitment, and intentions to enter the sport management profession. Journal of Sport Management, 19, 43-57.
Cunningham, G.B. (2005). The importance of a common in-group identity in ethnically diverse groups. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 9, 251-260.
Cunningham, G.B., Bruening, J., Sartore, M.L., Sagas, M. & Fink, J.S. (2005). The application of social cognitive career theory to sport and leisure career choices. Journal of Career Development, 32, 122-138.
Cunningham, G.B., Fink, J.S., Sagas, M. (2005). Extentions and further examination of the job embeddedness construct. Journal of Sport Management, 19, 319-335.
Cunningham, G.B., & Sagas, M. (2005). Access discrimination in intercollegiate athletics. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 29, 148-163.
Cunningham, G.B., & Sagas, M. (2005). Diversified dyads in the coaching profession. International Journal of Sport Management, 6, 305-323
Dixon, M.A., Cunnigham, G.B., Turner, B.A, Sagas, M., & Kent, A. (2005). Challenge is a key: An investigation of organizational commitment in undergraduate interns. Journal of Education for Business, 80, 172-180.
Fink, J.S., Cunningham, G.B. (2005). The effects of racial and gender dyad diversity on work experiences of university athletics personnel. International Journal of Sport Management, 6, 199-213.
Kin, J.C., & Cunningham, G.B. (2005). Moderating effects of organizational support on the relationship between work experiences and job satisfaction among university coaches. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 36, 50-64.
Sagas, M., & Cunningham, G.B. (2005). Work and family conflict among college assistant coaches. International Journal of Sport Management, 6, 183-197.
Sagas, M., & Cunningham, G.C. (2005). Racial differences in the career success of assistant football coaches: the role of discrimination, human capital and social capital. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35, 773-797.
Bianco, B., Cunningham, G.B., & Sagas, M. (2004). The economic impact of professional tennis. Journal of Contemporary Athletics, 1, 125-136.
Cunningham, G.B. (2004). Already aware of the glass ceiling: Race related effects of perceived opportunity on the career choices of college athletes. Journal of African American Studies, 7(1), 57-71.
Cunningham, G.B. (2004). Strategies for transforming the possible negative effects of group diversity. Quest, 56, 421-438.
Cunningham, G.B. & Chelladurai, P. (2004). Affective reactions to cross-functional teams: The impact of size, relative performance, and common in-group identity. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 8, 83-97.
Cunningham, G.B., & Mahoney, K.L. (2004). Self-efficacy of part-time employees in university atheletics: The influence of organizational commitment, valence of training, and training motivation. Journal of Sport Management, 18, 59-73.
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2004). Examining the main and interactive effects of deep- and surface-level diversity on job satisfaction and organizational turnover intentions. Organizational Analysis, 12, 319-332.
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2004). Group diversity, occupational commitment, and occupational turnover intentions among NCAA Division IA football coaching staffs. Journal of Sport Management, 18, 236-254.
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2004). People make the difference: The influence of human capital and diversity on team performance. European Sport Management Quarterly, 4, 3-22.
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2004). Racial differences in occupational turnover intent among NCAA Division IA assistant football coaches. Sociology of Sport Journal, 21, 84-92.
Cunningham, G.B., & Sagas, M. (2004). The effects of group diversity on organizational commitment. International Sports Journal, 8(1), 124-131.
Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2004). Work experiences, occupational commitment and intent to enter the sport management profession. Physical Educator, 61, 146-156.
Cunningham, G.B., Sagas, M., Sartore, M.L., Amsden, M.L., & Schellhase, A. (2004). Gender representation in the NCAA News: Is the glass half full or half empty? Sex Roles, 50, 861-870.
Fink, J.S., Cunningham, G.B. & Kensicki, L.J. (2004). Utilizing athletes as endorsers to sell women's sport: Attractiveness versus expertise. Journal of Sport Management, 18, 350-367.
Sagas, M. & Cunningham, G.B. (2004). Does having the "right stuff" matter? Gender differences in the determinants of career success among intercollegiate athletic administrators. Sex Roles, 50, 411-421.
Sagas, M. & Cunningham, G.B. (2004). The impact of relational gender in head coach-assistant coach dyads. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 19, 109-136.
Sagas, M. & Cunningham, G.B. (2004). The impact of supervisor support on career outcomes of the senior woman administrator. International Journal of Sport Management.
Sagas, M. & Cunningham, G.B. (2004). Treatment and discrimination in college coaching: Its prevalence and impact on the career success of assistant basketball coaches. International Sports Journal, 8(1), 76-88.
Sagas, M., Cunningham, G.B., & Fink, J.S. (2004). Downfalls of embeddedness: Examining the effects of job embeddedness on head coaching intentions of women assistant coaches. Journal of Contemporary Athletics, 1, 353-362.
Sartore, M. L., Cunningham, G. B., & Fielding, L. (2004). Player satisfaction and future participation intentions: The case of professional tennis players. Journal of Contemporary Athletics, 1, 387-399.
Cunningham, G. B. (2003). Human resources as sources of competitive advantage: A resource-based view of the athletic department. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 2003, 37-58.
Cunningham, G.B. (2003). Media coverage of women's sport: A new look at an old problem. Physical Educator, 60 (2), 43-49.
Cunningham, G.B., & Dixon, M.A. (2003).New perspectives concerning performance appraisals of intercollegiate coaches. Quest, 55, 177-192.
Cunningham, G.B., & Kwon,. (2003). The theory of planned behavior and intentions to attend a sporting event. Sport Management Review, 6, 127-145.
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2003). Occupational turnover intent among assistant coaches of women's teams: The role of organizational work experiences. Sex Roles, 49, 185-190.
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2003). Treatment discrimination among coaches of women's teams. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74, 455-466.
Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., & Ashley, F. B. (2003). Coaching self-efficacy, desire to head coach, and occupational turnover intent: Gender differences between NCAA assistant coaches of women's teams. International Journal of Sports Psychology, 34, 125-137.
Cunningham, G.B. (2002). Examining the relationship among Miles and Snow's strategic types and measures of organizational effectiveness in NCAA Division I athletic departments. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 37, 159-175.
Cunningham, G.B. (2003). Removing the blinders: Toward an integrative model of organizational change in sport and physical activity. Quest, 52, 276-291.
Cunningham, G.B. & Ashley, F.B. (2002). Debilitative and facilitative perceptions of trait anxiety among students in a golf class. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 94, 739-742.
Cunningham, G.B. & Rivera, C.A. (2002). Structural designs within American intercollegiate athletic departments. The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 4, 369-390.
Cunningham, G. B., & Sagas, M. (2002). The Differential Effects of Human Capital for Male and Female Division I Basketball Coaches. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 489-495.
Cunningham, G.B. & Sagas, M. (2002). Utilizing a different perspective: Brand equity and media coverage of intercollegiate athletics. International Sports Journal, 6, 134-145.
Cunningham, G.B, & Ashley, F.B. (2001). Insomorphic tendencies in NCAA athletic departments: The use of competing theories and advancement of theory. Sport Management Review, 4, 47-63.
Cunningham, G.B., & Dollar, J.E. (2001). Tarnished Rings. Sociology of Sport On-line, 4 (1). Available: http://psyched.otago.ac.nz/sosol/v4i1/vri1rings.html.
Cunningham, G.B., Keiper, P.E., Sagas, M., & Ashley, F.B., (2001). Initial reliability of the Coaching Isomorphism Questionnaire for NCAA coaches. Psychological Reports, 88, 323-324.
Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., & Ashley, F. B. (2001). Examining federal and state pay equity laws. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual, 2001, 44-62.
Cunningham, G.B., Sagas, M., & Ashley, F.B., (2001). Occupational commitment and intent to leave the coaching profession. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 36, 131-148.
Cunningham, G.B. (2000). Trait anxiety among students in college golf classes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 91, 693-695.
Sagas, M., Cunningham, G.B., & Ashley, F.B., (2000). Examining the women's coaching deficit through the perspective of assistant coaches. International Journal of Sport Management, 17, 196-203.
Sagas, M., Cunningham, G.B., Wigley, B.J., & Ashley, F.B., (2000). Internet coverage of university softball and baseball websites: The inequity continues. Sociology of Sport Journal, 17, 196-203.
Sagas, M., Wigley, B., Cunningham, G.B., Ashley, F.B., (2000). Completing the evolution: Revenue sharing through the Sears Directors Cup as a catalyst to achieve substational proportionality. Sociology of Sport Online, 3, 1. Available: http://psyched.otago.ac.nz.sosol/v3i1/v3i1s1.html.
Book Chapters
Cunningham, G. B. (2016). Diversity and inclusion in sport. In R. Hoye and M. M. Parent (Eds.), SAGE handbook of sport management (pp. 309-322). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Diversity programs. In Smith, V., & Golson, G. J. (Eds.), Sociology of work (vol. 1, pp. 188-190). Los Angeles, CA: Sage
Cunningham, G. B. (2013). Reducing sexual prejudice. In M. L. Sartore (Ed.), Sexual stigma and prejudice in sport (pp. 115-127). Lynne Rienner Publishers: Boulder, CO
Cunningham, G. B. (2011). Does diversity in sport reduce racial prejudice? In J. Long & K. Spracklen (Eds.), Sport and challenges to racism (pp. 214-228). Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan
Cunningham, G. B., & Benavides Espinoza, C. (2011). Discrimination. In L. E. Swayne & J. G. Golson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of sports management and marketing (vol. 1, pp. 396-398). Los Angeles, CA: Sage
Cunningham, G. B., & Benavides Espinoza, C. (2011). Gender diversity. In L. E. Swayne & J. G. Golson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of sports management and marketing (vol. 2, pp. 574-576). Los Angeles, CA: Sage
Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2011). Gay Games. In L. E. Swayne & J. G. Golson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of sports management and marketing (vol. 2, pp. 574-576). Los Angeles, CA: Sage
Sartore, M.L. & Cunningham, G.B. (2005). Field experiences. In G Comfort (Ed.), Directory of graduate programs in sport management (xxi-xxii). Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology.
Waltemyer, D.S., & Cunningham, G.B. (2005). The history of sport management. In G. Comfort (Ed.), Directory of graduate programs in sport management (pp. ix-x). Morgantown, MV: Fitness Information Technology.
Sagas, M., Cunningham, G.B., Wigley, B.J., & Ashley, F.B. (2004). Internet coverage of university softball and baseball websites: The inequity continues. In D. Rowe (Ed.), Critical readings: Sport, culture and the media, 340-349. Berkshire, UK: McGraw Hill.
Cunningham, G. B., Sagas, M., & Keiper, P. E. (2002). Anxiety / depression / mood. In A. LeUnes (Ed.), Bibliography of psychological tests used in research in sport and exercise psychology. (pp. 95-166). NewYork: The Edwin Mellon Press.
Sagas, M., Keiper, P., Cunningham, G., & Champion, S. (2002). Anxiety. In A. LeUnes (Ed.), Bibliography of psychological tests used in research and practice in sport and exercise psychology (pp. 171-207). New York: The Edward Mellon Press.
Other Publications and Presentations
Cunningham, G.B., & Singer, J.N. (2009). Diversity in athletics: An assessment of exemplars and institutional best practices. Indianapolis, IN: National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA)
McDowell, J., & Cunningham, G. B. (2009). The influence of diversity perspectives on Black female athletic administrators' identity negotiations outcomes. Quest, 61, 202-222.

RESEARCH PROJECTS
Belgium-US Sport for Development (BUSS 4D): Sport as a Vehicle to Strengthen Ties between the US and Belgium
PI. Department of State (Federal)
2019-09-01 — 2020-08-31
Catapult Round 4 Center - Continuing Education Offered by the CSMRE
PI. TAMU College of Education & Human Development (State)
2018-01-15 — 2019-06-15
Catapult Round 3 - Project STAR (Service, Teaching, and Research) [Funded amount $30,000]
Co-PI (). TAMU College of Education & Human Development (State)
2016-12-01 — 2018-05-31
Catapult Round 3 - Sport-For-Development (S4D) in the Developing World (Funded amount $30,000)
Co-PI (). TAMU College of Education & Human Development (State)
2016-12-01 — 2018-05-31
Catapult Round 1 - Improving Equity in Education and Health for Military Connected Children, Youth and Families (Funded amount $55,300)
Co-PI (). TAMU College of Education & Human Development (State)
2016-02-01 — 2016-12-31
PGA Golf Management University (GMU) Program Assessment
Co-PI (). PGA of America (Private)
2015-10-01 — 2016-09-30
Recruiting Students for Education and Human Development
PI. TAMU Office of Graduate and Professional Studies (State)
2015-09-01 — 2016-08-31
Department of State Health Services Tobacco Quit Line Evaluation and Outreach Assistance
Co-PI (). Texas A&M University Health Science Center - Department of Health and Human Services (Federal)
2015-08-01 — 2016-07-31
Event Sponsorship: Dialogue on Climate, Inclusion, and Respect
Co-PI (). Oak Ridge Associated Universities (Private)
2014-10-07 — 2015-05-30
Aggieland's Community-Campus Partnership for Health: Brazos Valley Youth Engaged Actively for Health! (BV YEAH!)
PI. TAMU Dean of Faculties (State)
2014-09-01 — 2016-08-31
CSMRE Book Royalties
PI. 2014-09-01 &mdash
2019-08-31
Diversity and Inclusion Assessment of Texas A&M University Athletics
PI. TAMU Athletics (State)
2014-09-01 — 2015-08-31
Sexual Orientation Diversity in Sport Organizations
PI. TAMU Office of the Vice President for Research (State)
2012-05-01 — 2013-04-30
Using a Community Health Development Intervention to Build Community Capacity, Core Research Project within the Center for Community Health Development
Co-PI. DHHS-PHS-CDC (Federal)
2011-09-30 — 2014-09-29
Teaching Locally, Engaging Globally
PI. USDA (Federal)
2008-09-01 — 2012-08-31
Diversity in Athletics: An Assessment of Exemplars and Institutional Best Practices
PI. NCAA (Private)
2007-09-01 — 2011-08-31
The American Sport Brand International Exchange
Staff. Department of State (Federal)
2007-05-22 — 2007-12-31
Diversity in Sport Organizations
PI. TAMU Honors Program Advisory Committee (State)
2007-05-01 — 2007-08-31
Identifying Strategies to Increase the Representation and Improve the Work Experiences of Ethnic Minoirty Coaches
PI. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Private)
2005-03-01 — 2006-02-28
Identifying Strategies to Increase the Representation and Improve the Work Experiences of Ethnic Minoirty Coaches
PI. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Private)
2005-01-01 — 2005-12-31
The Quality of Employment of NCAA Coaches
Co-PI (). National Collegiate Athletic Association (Private)
2004-09-01 — 2005-08-31
Sport Management Research
PI. Westside Tennis Club (Private)
2003-11-01 — 2005-01-01

AWARDS
Arnstrong Scholar Award. Awarded. (2010)
Chair. North American Society for Sport Management. (2009)
Choice Outstanding Title. American Library Association. (2008)
Director. Office of Sport Management Informatics. (2009)
Diversity Award, North American Society for Sport Management, 2018.
Fellow of National Academy of Kinesiology. National Academy of Kinesiology. (2016)
Finalist. North American Society for Sport Management Student Research Competition. (2000)
Finalist. North American Society for Sport Management Student Research Competition. (2001)
Member, National Academy of Kinesiology, Inducted 2016.
Winner: Recategorization as a strategy for managin. North American Society for Sport Management Student Research Competition. (2002)
EDITORSHIPS
Editorial Board Member. International Journal of Sport Communication (2011 - 2013)
Editorial Board Member. International Journal of Sport Management (2005 - 2012)
Editorial Board Member. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education (2007)
Editor. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport (2012 - 2014)
Editorial Board Member. Journal of Sport Management (2012 - 2017)
Editor. Sport Management Review (2008)
LEADERSHIP POSITIONS
Chair. North American Society for Sport Management Research Fellow Committee. (2005)
Committee Chair. Sport Management Roles and Expectations. (2010)
Director. Laboratory for Diversity in Sport. (2009)
Officer. North American Society for Sport Management. (2005)
President-Elect. North American Society for Sport Management. (2008)